Archive for Year: 2022

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Rectification Saves Taxpayers from Adverse Tax Consequences arising from Drafting Error: Sleep Country Canada Holdings & Sleep Country Canada Inc v AGC, 2022 ONSC 6103 – A Canadian Tax-Litigation Lawyer’s Analysis

Introduction: Rectification & Its Tax Consequences Rectification is an equitable remedy. It allows parties to correct drafting errors that would otherwise render a legal instrument incompatible with the agreement that the instrument was meant to document. In these cases, the contracting parties may ask a court to rectify the...

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Federal Court granted CRA access to big box store’s client lists that may uncover tax fraud and evasion: Guidance from a Canadian tax lawyer on CRA’s power to compel third parties to disclose information

Big box store was ordered by the Federal Court to turn over its client lists to the CRA In November 2022, the Federal Court granted the CRA’s request to force J.D.Irving to turn over its clients’ data from January 1, 2019, which included the complete name, contact information, CRA...

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The Tax Court of Canada Orders the Canada Revenue Agency to Release GAAR Committee Reports about Similarly Situated Taxpayers: Coopers Park Real Estate Development v The Queen, 2022 TCC 82

Introduction: The General Anti-Avoidance Rule & Documentary Discovery during Tax Litigation Section 245 of Canada’s Income Tax Act contains the general anti-avoidance rule (also known as the “GAAR”). The GAAR aims to prevent taxpayers from enjoying tax benefits by invoking avoidance transactions that misuse or abuse specific provisions of...

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Statute-Barred Tax Years and the Canada Revenue Agency’s Powers to Reassess Tax Years: A Canadian Tax Lawyer’s Guide

Introduction – What are Statute-Barred Tax Years? The Canadian tax system is based on the principles of self-assessment, which requires that Canadian taxpayers perform their own due diligence and to report their taxable income to the Canada Revenue Agency (“CRA”) for tax assessment. Under subsection 152(1) of the Canadian...

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Foreign Property Reporting Requirements and PayPal Accounts: A Canadian Tax Lawyer’s Guide

Introduction – Digital Payment Services and Financial Reporting Obligations Digital payment services like those offered by PayPal, which are used to facilitate money transfers domestically and internationally, are now well-integrated into our personal and professional lives. Whether your PayPal account is used for genuine commercial purposes, however, or for...

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T1135s, Beneficial Ownership of Property, and Chan v The Queen: A Canadian Tax Lawyer’s Case Comment

Introduction – T1135s and Beneficial Ownership The Canadian Income Tax Act requires that Canadian tax residents who own “specified foreign property” with a cost of $100,000 or more in Canadian dollars file an annual Foreign Income Verification Statement, or “T1135”, with that year’s tax return. Specified foreign property as...

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Federal Court of Appeal Overturns Tax Court’s Decision and Vacates Gross-Negligence Penalties because the Canada Revenue Agency’s Evidence was Exclusively About the Taxpayer’s Spouse: Khanna v The Queen, 2022 FCA 84 – A Canadian Tax Lawyer’s Analysis

Penalties Canada’s tax statutes contain various penalties that seek to curb non-compliance. A gross-negligence penalty aims to punish a taxpayer whose conduct “involves a high degree of negligence tantamount to intentional acting, an indifference as to whether the law is complied with or not”: Venne v R., 84 DTC...

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Zvilna v. Canada: Director’s Liability for Unpaid Taxes: A Canadian Tax Lawyer’s Note of Caution to Directors

Background on Directors Liability for Taxes: The Tax Court of Canada has recently decided a case regarding director’s liability for unremitted GST/HST. Generally, a director of a corporation can be held personally liable to CRA for various corporate liabilities such as unremitted GST and HST, as well as unremitted...

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